Blood Flow Effects on Silicon Substrates
a study on ESRD
This is a non-randomized, open label, uncontrolled first in human safety study, testing the the material used in the artificial kidney device in subjects already on hemodialysis. Six subjects already on hemodialysis, who meet the study inclusion and exclusion criteria, and who dialyze at one of the UCSF associated hemodialysis units will be recruited. Each subject will be tested during one non hemodialysis day, at the UCSF Moffitt-Long Hospital Acute Hemodialysis Unit (AHU). The artificial kidney engineers have created a blood flow system that can be substituted for the dialysis filter in a standard hemodialysis machine. This is NOT a dialysis filter. It allows the subjects blood to come in contact with the material while the blood is being circulated as is regularly done during a hemodialysis session.
For patient safety, the investigators will measure the following labs:
Blood tests (routine safety and frequency). CBC/platelets: q 1 hr, at HD next day ABGs, including lactate: Q 1 hr x 6 Na, K, Cl, Bicarb, BUN, Creatinine, Ca, ionized Ca, Mg, Phos: Start, end, at HD next day Liver function test: Start, end, at HD next day LDH: Start, end, at HD next day Direct Coombs' Test: Start, end, at HD next day ESR and hsCRP: Start, end, at HD next day CPK: Start, end PT/PTT: Start, end
The investigators will also be doing research blood testing:
IL-6: Start, end, at HD next day Complement: Start, end, at HD next day Haptoglobin: Start, end, at HD next day Free Hg: Start, end, at HD next day Fibrinogen, D-dimer: Start, end, at HD next day
In addition, the investigators will do material testing after each participant's test is complete.
Material studies after in vivo testing :
Cell and Protein Adhesion Studies:
- Scanning Electron Microscopy. The SNM will be placed in a solution containing 2% glutaraldehyde (Electron Microscopy Sciences, Fort Washington, PA), 3% sucrose (Sigma Aldrich) and 0.1 M of phosphate buffered saline (PBS) at 4°C and pH 7.4. After 1 hour, the substrates are rinsed twice with PBS for 30 minutes at 4°C and washed with distilled water for 5 minutes. Dehydration is achieved by placing the substrates in 50% ethanol for 15 minutes while increasing the concentration of ethanol to 60%, 70%, 80%, 90%, and finally 100%. Dehydrated samples are then mounted on aluminum stubs, sputter-coated with gold-palladium, and examined using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM; Ultra55 FEGSEM, ZEISS, Peabody, MA).
- Immunohistochemistry. Platelet adhesion and activation are assessed using immunofluorescence staining for the platelet marker, CD41 (Abcam, Cambridge, MA), and blood-clot marker, tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA, Abcam, Cambridge, MA). Platelets are fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde (Fisher Scientific, Waltham, MA) for 15 minutes followed by incubation in 1% bovine serum albumin for 30 minutes to block nonspecific binding. Platelets are double-labeled as follows: substrates were first incubated with primary antibodies (t-PA), diluted 1:50 in PBS for 60 minutes followed by Alexa Fluor 546 donkey anti-mouse antibody (Invitrogen, Carlsbad, CA) diluted 1:100 in PBS for 60 minutes. Finally, the samples are incubated with anti-human CD41 fluorescein isothiocyanate labeled mouse monoclonal antibody diluted 1:300 in PBS for 60 minutes. Images will be acquired per replicate using a Nikon Eclipse Ti-E motorized inverted microscope (Nikon Instruments Inc., Melville, NY) to obtain a total of 12 images per substrate. The fluorescent intensity of the images is quantified using ImageJ.
You can join if…
Open to people ages 18–75
- 18-75 y/o
- ESRD on hemodialysis for at least 3 months
- HD access capable of sustaining at least 300 ml/min blood flow
- Hg > 10.0 g
- Able to take aspirin 81 mg/day for a week prior to the study (for those subjects not already on aspirin)
- Able to read, speak and understand English
- Capable of providing signed informed consent
- HD pt at one of the UCSF outpatient HD units
You CAN'T join if...
- Subjects with active liver, cardiovascular, neurologic or psychiatric diseases
- Subjects with other active medical problems (e.g., cancer undergoing treatment)
- h/o intradialytic or orthostatic hypotension
- h/o thrombosis or on treatment for thrombosis or use of anticoagulants, excluding antiplatelet agents
- h/o active infection or on antibiotics
- h/o active autoimmune diseases or other inflammatory states
- Ongoing alcohol or illegal drug use
- H/o hemolysis or allergic reactions to any dialyzers
- Anyone who in the opinion of the study doctors is not qualified to be in the study.
Please contact me about this study
We will not share your information with anyone other than the team in charge of this study. Submitting your contact information does not obligate you to participate in research.
The study team should get back to you in a few business days.
You will also receive an email with next steps. Check your junk/spam folder if needed.
If you do not hear from the study team, please call 888-689-8273 and tell them you’re interested in study number NCT03241667.