for males ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
at San Francisco, California and other locations
study started
completion around



Patients with post-prostatectomy PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen) recurrences with aggressive disease features will receive salvage radiation therapy and standard androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) or enhanced ADT to determine if there is any improvement in progression-free survival when enhanced ADT is used compared to standard ADT.

Official Title

STEEL: A Randomized Phase II Trial of Salvage Radiotherapy With Standard vs Enhanced Androgen Deprivation Therapy (With Enzalutamide) in Patients With Post-Prostatectomy PSA Recurrences With Aggressive Disease Features



To determine whether, in men with post-prostatectomy PSA (prostate specific antigen) recurrences with aggressive disease features, salvage radiotherapy (SRT) with enhanced androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), consisting of enzalutamide (MDV3100) and a GnRH analog, will improve progression-free survival compared to SRT with standard GnRH analog -based ADT.


Prostate Cancer, Post-prostatectomy, Enzalutamide, STEEL, Prostatic Neoplasms, Leuprolide, Goserelin, Bicalutamide, Radiation Therapy, GnRH analog, Salvage Radiation Therapy + Enhanced ADT


You can join if…

Open to males ages 18 years and up

  • Pathologically (histologically) proven adenocarcinoma confirmed by prostatectomy performed within 10 years prior to registration and any type of radical prostatectomy is permitted, including retropubic, perineal, laparoscopic or robotically assisted.
  • PSA level (≥ 0.2 ng/mL) within 120 days prior to registration. Patients must have a PSA ≥ 0.2 ng/mL prior to starting ADT. For patients being followed by an ultrasensitive PSA assay, a serum PSA concentration of ≥ 0.10 ng/mL will be considered eligible.
  • GnRH analog may be started no more than 42 days prior study entry.
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL, independent of transfusion and/or growth factors within 90 days prior to registration.
  • Platelet count ≥ 75,000 x 109/µL independent of transfusion and/or growth factors within 90 days prior to registration.
  • At least 1 of the following aggressive features:
    • Gleason score of 8-10 (note any Gleason score is eligible)
    • Seminal vesicle invasion (SVI) (note any pT stage [AJCC v8.0] is eligible but a pT stage

      ≥ pT3b is considered aggressive)

    • Locoregional node involvement at radical prostatectomy (pN1)
    • Persistently elevated PSA post-RP nadir (PEPP) defined as PSA > 0.1 ng/mL after radical prostatectomy
    • PSA ≥ 0.7 ng/mL
  • Serum albumin ≥ 3.0 g/dL within 90 days prior to registration
  • GFR ≥35 mL/min estimated by Cockcroft-Gault or measured directly by 24 hour urine creatinine within 90 days prior to registration.
  • Serum total bilirubin ≤1.5 × ULN (Note: In subjects with Gilbert's syndrome, if total bilirubin is >1.5 × ULN, measure direct and indirect bilirubin and if direct bilirubin is ≤1.5 × ULN, subject is eligible) within 90 days prior to registration.
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) <2.5 × ULN within 90 days prior to registration.
  • History and physical with ECOG Performance Status 0-1 or within 90 days prior to registration.

You CAN'T join if...

  • Definitive clinical or radiologic evidence of metastatic disease with the exception of locoregional lymph nodes.
  • Prior invasive malignancy (except non-melanomatous skin cancer carcinoma in situ of the male breast, penis, oral cavity, or stage Ta of the bladder, or stage I completely resected melanoma) unless disease free for a minimum of 2 years).
  • Prior systemic chemotherapy for the study cancer. Note: prior chemotherapy for a different cancer is allowable.
  • Prior radiotherapy to the region of the study cancer that would result in overlap of radiation therapy fields.
  • History of any of the following:
    • Documented inflammatory bowel disease
    • Transmural myocardial infarction within the last 4 months prior to registration.
    • New York Heart Association Functional Classification III/IV within 4 months prior to registration.
    • Unstable angina and/or congestive heart failure requiring hospitalization within the last 4 months prior to registration
    • History of loss of consciousness or transient ischemic attack within 12 months prior to randomization
    • History of seizure disorder or condition that may predispose to seizure (e.g. prior cortical stroke or significant brain trauma)
    • History of uncontrolled hypertension defined as a sustained systolic blood pressure in excess of 150 mmHg or a sustained diastolic blood pressure in excess of 90 mmHg despite optimized antihypertensive therapy.
    • History of repeated falls and fractures over the past 12 months that in the opinion of the treating investigator would put the patient at risk for poor bone outcomes from androgen receptor targeted therapy
  • Known gastrointestinal disorder affecting absorption of oral medications.
  • Active uncontrolled infection defined as an identified infectious condition that requires active therapy that has not yet been completed.
  • HIV positive patients with CD4 count < 200 cells/microliter within 30 days prior to registration OR HIV patients under treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) within 30 days prior to registration regardless of CD4 count. Note: HIV testing is not required for eligibility for this protocol as it is self-reported. This exclusion criterion is necessary because the treatments involved in this protocol may be immunosuppressive and/or interact with HAART.


  • UCSF
    San Francisco California 94158 United States
  • Marin Cancer Care, Inc.
    Greenbrae California 94904 United States
  • Marin Health Medical Center
    Greenbrae California 94904 United States


in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
RTOG Foundation, Inc.
Phase 2 research study
Study Type
About 188 people participating
Last Updated