for people ages 18-70 (full criteria)
at San Francisco, California and other locations
study started
completion around



An open-label, controlled, randomized Phase 3 trial evaluating 12-month kidney function in highly sensitized (cPRA ≥99.9%) kidney transplant patients with positive crossmatch against a deceased donor, comparing desensitization using imlifidase with standard of care

Official Title

An Open-label, Controlled, Randomized Phase 3 Trial Evaluating 12-month Kidney Function in Highly Sensitized (cPRA ≥99.9%) Kidney Tx Patients With Positive XM Against a Deceased Donor, Comparing Desensitization Using Imlifidase With SoC


After being informed about the study and potential risks, all patients giving written informed consent will undergo pre-screening to determine eligibility for study entry.

Once an organ offer is received, a virtual crossmatch (vXM) is performed. If the crossmatch is considered predictive of a positive flow cytometry crossmatch (FCXM), the patient will be evaluated if eligible to receive the desensitization currently in use at the study site. Subsequently the patient will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to the imlifidase or the control arm.

If the patient is randomized to the imlifidase arm, the organ will be accepted and shipped, and the patient will proceed to imlifidase treatment (generally within 24 h prior to transplantation) followed by transplantation. If the patient is randomized to the control arm, transplantation made possible by the local desensitization regimen will occur. If the institution-specific desensitization protocol is deemed not to be successful, the organ offer will be turned down, and the patient will remain active on the waiting list and remain in the trial, while the kidney will be allocated to another recipient through the kidney allocation system (KAS).

All transplanted patients will receive induction therapy and maintenance immunosuppression. All patients will be followed for 12 months.

Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) will be assessed 12 months after randomization as the primary endpoint reasonably likely to predict a clinical benefit in patient survival.

All patients with donor specific antibodies (DSA) are at risk of developing antibody-mediated rejection (AMR). Imlifidase removes DSA quickly and efficiently at the time of transplantation but, as with other desensitization methods, the antibodies are expected to re-occur after transplantation. In the imlifidase treatment arm, and for desensitized control arm patients, protocol kidney biopsies will be performed at the time of transplantation and at 1 year after transplantation.


Kidney Transplantation in Highly Sensitized Patients, Desensitization, Highly sensitized, Positive crossmatch, Unlikely to be transplanted, Renal transplantation, Deceased donor, Antibodies, Immunoglobulins, Intravenous Immunoglobulins, gamma-Globulins, Rho(D) Immune Globulin, Eculizumab, Imlifidase, PLEX, IVIg, Anti-CD20 antibodies, Remain on wait list


You can join if…

Open to people ages 18-70

  • Signed Informed Consent obtained before any trial-related procedures
  • Male or female age 18-70 years at the time of screening
  • Chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 5, highly sensitized as evaluated by standard selection criteria, and active on the OPTN waiting list for a DD kidney transplant
  • Original calculated panel reactive antibody (cPRA) ≥99.9%
  • Virtual crossmatch (vXM), predictive of a positive crossmatch to an available deceased donor (DD)
  • Willingness and ability to comply with the protocol
  • Willingness to participate in the planned 4-year extension trial

You CAN'T join if...

  • High dose IVIg (2 g/kg) treatment within 28 days prior to imlifidase treatment
  • Previous treatment with imlifidase
  • Breast feeding or pregnancy
  • Women of child-bearing potential not willing or able to practice FDA-approved forms of contraception, or abstinence. Two medically acceptable methods of highly effective contraception must be used for the duration of the study (e.g. oral, transdermal, intravaginal, injectable or implantable contraceptive; intrauterine device; intrauterine hormone-releasing system; vasectomized partner; bilateral tubal occlusion; or double barrier method). For a woman to be considered postmenopausal this ascertainment must be made according to medical records and clinical history and may be aided by measurement of elevated postmenopausal serum gonadotropin levels (FSH).
  • ABO blood group incompatible transplantations (A2 or A2B kidneys will not be accepted for B recipients)
  • Positive serology for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Clinical signs of hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections
  • Clinical signs of cytomegalovirus (CMV) or Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infections
  • Positive test for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) (according to local hospital routines)
  • Active tuberculosis
  • Severe other conditions requiring treatment and close monitoring, e.g. cardiac failure ≥grade 4 (New York Heart Association), unstable coronary disease or oxygen dependent chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Any condition that in the view of the Investigator precludes transplantation
  • History of a proven hypercoagulable condition
  • Present or history of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), or known familial history of TTP
  • Intake of investigational drugs within 5 half-lives of the drug or 3 months, whichever is the longest
  • Contemporaneous participation in a medical device study
  • Known mental incapacity or language barriers precluding adequate understanding of the Informed Consent information and the trial activities
  • Inability by the judgement of the investigator to participate in the trial for any other reason


  • UCSF (UCSF) Medical Center
    San Francisco California 94143-0780 United States
  • Sutter Health - California Pacific Medical Center
    San Francisco California 94115 United States


in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
Hansa Biopharma AB
Phase 3 Kidney Transplant Research Study
Study Type
About 64 people participating
Last Updated