for males ages 18-95 (full criteria)
at San Francisco, California and other locations
study started
completion around
Principal Investigator
by Anthony Wong
Headshot of Anthony Wong
Anthony Wong



This research study is comparing two different combinations of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) used together with radiation as a treatment for rising PSA after radical prostatectomy (prostate cancer).

Official Title

Randomized Phase II Study of Salvage XRT + ADT +/- Abiraterone Acetate and Apalutamide (ARN-509) for Rising PSA After Radical Prostatectomy With Adverse Features.(FORMULA-509 Trial)


This research study is a Phase II clinical trial. Phase II clinical trials test the safety and effectiveness of an investigational intervention to learn whether the intervention works in treating a specific disease. "Investigational" means that an intervention is being studied. In this study, the investigational agents are apalutamide and abiraterone acetate.

Currently, the best standard treatment for men with this type of prostate cancer includes radiation therapy combined with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). ADT blocks the function of hormones including testosterone which prostate cancer uses to grow and spread. All participants in this study will receive the main standard form of ADT called a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonist (LHRHA). Physicians often also use another drug called bicalutamide to help the LHRHA block hormone function. The investigators are testing whether using two newer anti-hormonal drugs called abiraterone acetate and apalutamide with LHRHA can improve cure rates compared to using bicalutamide plus LHRHA. These two drugs work together to suppress both testosterone and the receptor where testosterone binds thereby providing more potent hormone suppression.


Prostate Cancer, Prostatic Neoplasms, Prednisone, Bicalutamide, GnRH, Salvage radiation, Abiraterone, Apalutamide, GnRH + Bicalutamide, GnRH+Abiraterone+Apalutamide+Prednisone


You can join if…

Open to males ages 18-95

  • Histologically confirmed prostate cancer
  • PSA ≥ 0.1 after radical prostatectomy (value w/in 3 months of registration) AND at least 1 unfavorable risk factor listed below.
    • Gleason 8-10
    • PSA > 0.5
    • Pathologically positive lymph nodes
    • pT3 or pT4
    • PSA doubling time (DT) < 10 months
    • Negative margins
    • Persistent PSA after RP (PSA never dropped below 0.1 after RP)
    • Local/regional recurrence on imaging
    • Decipher "High risk" (a Medicare-reimbursed test for risk of metastases after prostatectomy)
  • Candidate for salvage radiation and ADT treatment
  • Written informed consent and HIPAA authorization for release of personal health information prior to registration. NOTE: HIPAA authorization may be included in the informed consent or obtained separately. Subject must have the ability to understand and willingness to sign the written informed consent document.
  • 18 ≤ Age ≤ 95 at the time of consent
  • ECOG Performance Status ≤ 2 (Appendix A)
  • Demonstrate adequate organ function as defined in the table below. All screening labs to be obtained within 3 months of registration.
  • System Laboratory Value
  • Hematological:
    • Platelet count (plt) ≥ 100,000/ µL
    • Hemoglobin (Hgb) ≥ 9 g/dL
    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1000 cells/µL
  • Renal:

    --GFR1 ≥ 45 mL/min

  • Hepatic and Other:
    • Bilirubin2 ≤ 1.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 2.5 × ULN
    • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 2.5 × ULN
    • Serum Albumin > 3.0 g/dL
    • Serum potassium ≥ 3.5 mmol/L
  • Coagulation:
    • International Normalized Ratio (INR)
    • or Prothrombin Time (PT)
  • Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time
    • (aPTT) ≤ 1.5 × ULN (unless on prophylactic or therapeutic dosing with low molecular weight heparin)
    • Cockcroft-Gault formula will be used to calculate creatinine clearance (see study procedure manual SPM)
    • In subjects with Gilbert's syndrome, if total bilirubin is >1.5 × ULN, measure direct and indirect bilirubin; if direct bilirubin is ≤1.5 × ULN, subject may be eligible
  • Agrees to use a condom (even men with vasectomies) and another effective method of birth control if he is having sex with a woman of childbearing potential OR agrees to use a condom if he is having sex with a woman who is pregnant while on study drug and for 3 months following the last dose of study drug.
  • Must also agree not to donate sperm during the study and for 3 months after receiving the last dose of study drug.
  • Ability to understand and comply with study procedures for the entire length of the study as determined by the site investigator or protocol designee
  • Medications known to lower the seizure threshold (see list under prohibited meds) must be discontinued or substituted at least 4 weeks prior to study entry (Section 5.5)
  • Use of CYP3A4 inhibitors or inducers and CYP2D6 substrates must be discontinued prior to study entry
  • Able to swallow pills

You CAN'T join if...

  • Use of post-prostatectomy ADT for > 30 continuous days prior to registration (ADT defined as use of GnRH agonist, with or without an anti-androgen). However, patients with testosterone recovery after post-prostatectomy ADT are eligible (testosterone recovery defined as total testosterone > 190 ng/dL) regardless of how long they have been on ADT.
  • Prior pelvic radiation unless additional radiation can be safely delivered according to the treating physician
  • PSA > 15 ng/mL in screening
  • History of any of the following:
  • Current evidence of any of the following:
    • Uncontrolled hypertension
    • Gastrointestinal disorder affecting absorption
    • Active infection (e.g., human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] or viral hepatitis)
    • Any chronic medical condition requiring a dose of corticosteroid higher than 10 mg prednisone/prednisolone once daily
    • Any condition that, in the opinion of the site investigator, would preclude participation in this study
    • Moderate or severe hepatic impairment (Child Pugh Class B or C)
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to study drugs
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, psychiatric illness or social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Individuals with a history of another malignancy are not eligible if:
    • the cancer is under active treatment or
    • the cancer can be seen on radiology scans or
    • if they are off cancer treatment but in the opinion of their oncologist have a high risk of relapse within 5 years
  • Confirmed bone metastases on imaging


  • UCSF
    San Francisco California 94158 United States
  • University of California, San Diego
    San Diego California 92093 United States

Lead Scientist at UCSF

  • Anthony Wong
    I am a board-certified radiation oncologist specializing in management of genitourinary malignancies, including prostate, bladder, renal, and testicular malignancies. My clinical areas of expertise include high dose rate (HDR) prostate brachytherapy, stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT), and bladder-preserving trimodality therapy.


in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Phase 2 Prostate Cancer Research Study
Study Type
About 345 people participating
Last Updated