Ibrutinib Combined With Gemcitabine and Nab-Paclitaxel in Patients With Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer
a study on Pancreatic Cancer
Gemcitabine and nab-paclitaxel is a standard regimen (NCCN, Category 1) for patients with metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). However, further improvement in treatment is needed. Increasingly, the nature of the immune infiltrate in PDAC appears to be tumor promoting. In preclinical studies, ibrutinib treatment, presumably by reprogramming B cells, results in increased CD8+ T cells to assist in tumor control. Preclinical studies of ibrutinib plus gemcitabine show superior antitumor effects compared to gemcitabine alone in both orthotopic murine pancreatic cancer cell line grafts and in genetically engineered mouse models. Thus, the investigators propose a clinical trial of ibrutinib plus the standard gemcitabine based regimen of gemcitabine and nab-paclitaxel, evaluating safety, then efficacy and including correlative studies.
A Study of the Safety, Immunopharmacodynamics and Anti-tumor Activity of Ibrutinib Combined With Gemcitabine and Nab-Paclitaxel in Patients With Metastatic Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) represents the fourth leading cause of cancer-related mortality in the United States, with an estimated 39,950 deaths attributable to PDAC in 2014 (http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/pancreas.html). Over 90% of patients have inoperable disease at presentation, at which point systemic therapy becomes the primary form of treatment.
Treating PDAC has been challenging and few approved drugs are available. Recently, however, some breakthroughs have occurred, raising hope that this aggressive disease can be better controlled. FOLFIRINOX, a combination of 5FU, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan, has been found to be substantially superior to treatment of gemcitabine alone in patients with metastatic disease and good performance status. Similarly, gemcitabine and nab-paclitaxel, a regimen with less non-hematologic toxicity, demonstrated improved overall survival and progression-free survival compared to gemcitabine alone. Both of these combinations or modifications of these combinations are now front line options for patients with good performance status. Furthermore, these improvements in survival, however incremental, now afford patients with pancreatic cancer time to participate in and possibly benefit from clinical trials of novel therapeutics.
Metastatic Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma Adenocarcinoma Paclitaxel Gemcitabine Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel Ibrutinib Dose escalation for safety and toxicity
You can join if…
Open to people ages 18 years and up
- Histologically or cytologically confirmed metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma
- Stage IV disease (measurable disease NOT required)
- Intact primary tumor
- CA 19-9 greater than 75 units
- ECOG performance score of 0-1
- At least 18 years of age
- Female patients who are not of child-bearing potential, and fertile female patients of child-bearing potential, who agree to use adequate contraceptive measures, who are not breastfeeding, and who have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to start of randomization.
- Fertile male patients willing to use adequate contraceptive measures.
- Adequate bone marrow function:
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1500/uL
- platelet count ≥ 100,000/uL
- hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL
- Adequate hepatic function:
- Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 X ULN (unless bilirubin rise due to Gilbert's syndrome)
- Aspartate amino transferase (AST) (SGOT) ≤ 3.0 X ULN; ≤5.0X ULN if liver metastases are present.
- Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (SGPT) ≤ 3.0 X ULN; ≤0 5.0X ULN if liver metastases are present.
- Adequate renal function (defined as serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 X ULN)
- Ability to understand the nature of this study protocol, comply with study and/or follow-up procedures, and give written informed consent
- Willingness and ability to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plans, laboratory tests, and other study procedures.
You CAN'T join if...
- Any prior systemic or investigational therapy for metastatic pancreatic cancer.Systemic therapy administered alone or in combination with radiation in the adjuvant or neoadjuvant setting is permissible as long as it was completed > 6 months prior to the time of study registration.
- History of other diseases, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination findings, or clinical laboratory findings giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, renders the subject at high risk from treatment complications or might affect the interpretation of the results of the study.
- History of previous malignancy (except basal cell) within 5 years.
- Life expectancy of <3 months.
- Inability to undergo two sequential EUS-directed core biopsies of the primary tumor.
- Presence of known central nervous system or brain metastases.
- Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.
- History of stroke or intracranial hemorrhage within 6 months prior to enrollment.
- Known bleeding disorders (e.g., von Willebrand's disease or hemophilia).
- Patients receiving warfarin or other Vitamin K antagonists. However, if therapeutic anticoagulation is necessary, LMWH is the anticoagulant of choice.
- Currently active, clinically significant cardiovascular disease, such as uncontrolled arrhythmia or Class 3 or 4 congestive heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association Functional Classification; or a history of myocardial infarction, unstable angina, or acute coronary syndrome within 6 months prior to randomization.
- Current peripheral sensory neuropathy > Grade 1
- Major surgery within 4 weeks of the start of study treatment (defined as those surgeries that require general anesthesia. Insertion of a vascular access device is NOT considered major surgery.
- Requires treatment with a strong cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A inhibitor.
- Unable to swallow capsules or has malabsorption syndrome, disease significantly affecting gastrointestinal function or resection of the stomach or small bowel,symptomatic inflammatory bowel disease or ulcerative colitis, or partial or complete bowel obstruction.
- UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
San Francisco California 94158 United States
- Oregon Health and Science University
Portland Oregon 97239 United States