Summary

Eligibility
for males ages 21-65 (full criteria)
Location
at San Francisco, California and other locations
Dates
study started
estimated completion
Principal Investigator
by Ben Breyer, MD
Headshot of Ben Breyer
Ben Breyer

Description

Summary

This is a Phase I clinical study to determine the safety and efficacy of using autologous, engineered urethral constructs for the treatment of urethral strictures in adult males. The proposed study design is a prospective non-randomized and uncontrolled single-center investigation. Autologous urothelial cells (UCs) and smooth muscle cells (SMCs), obtained from enrolled male subjects' bladder tissue samples, will be culture expanded in vitro and used to seed tubular PGA scaffolds to create autologous urethral constructs for the repair of urethral strictures.

Official Title

A Phase 1 Pilot Safety and Feasibility Study of Autologous Engineered Urethral

Details

This is a Phase I clinical study to determine the safety and efficacy of using autologous, engineered urethral constructs for the treatment of urethral strictures in adult males. The proposed study design is a prospective non-randomized and uncontrolled single-center investigation. Autologous urothelial cells (UCs) and smooth muscle cells (SMCs), obtained from enrolled male subjects' bladder tissue samples, will be culture expanded in vitro and used to seed tubular Polyglycolic Acid (PGA) scaffolds to create autologous urethral constructs for the repair of urethral strictures. Male patients, aged 21-65 years old, seen in the Wake Forest Baptist Health urology clinic, referred to or self-referred to the study team, with recurrent urethral stricture, previously treated with dilation, internal urethrotomy, or urethroplasty, will be approached and offered consent to participate in in the trial. Up to 20 men may undergo screening procedures to identify 10 eligible subjects meeting all inclusion and exclusion criteria. All eligible subjects will undergo full thickness bladder tissue biopsies at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center in Winston-Salem, North Carolina to obtain UCs and SMCs, which will be cultured and expanded and then seeded on tubular PGA scaffolds. Approximately 6 weeks after biopsy, the subjects will return to undergo surgical removal of the stricture and implant of the urethral construct. Subjects will be followed through 36 months.

Keywords

Urologic Diseases, Male Urogenital Diseases, Urethral Stricture, Urethral Injury, Constriction, Pathologic, Autologous Engineered Urethral Construct

Eligibility

You can join if…

Open to males ages 21-65

  1. Stricture of the anterior urethra meeting the following criteria:
  2. History of at least one previously failed attempt at conservative management, at least 6 months prior to study.
  3. Urethral stricture of 10-60 mm in length, as determined by urethrography.
  4. Contains at least 1 strictured segment through which a 16 Fr flexible cystoscope cannot be atraumatically passed.
  5. Patients must be available for all follow-up visits.
  6. Ability to speak English.

You CAN'T join if...

Any of the following is regarded as a criterion for excluding a subject from the study:

  1. Strictures of the meatus or prostatic urethra; any urethral stricture associated with or suspected to be urethral carcinoma, or strictures due to pelvic distraction injuries. Strictures <10 mm or >60 mm, as determined by urethrography, and criteria for bulbar urethral strictures excluding those with strictures <20 mm and >60 mm, as described by urethrography.
  2. Presence of untreated urinary tract infection.
  3. Presence or prior history of lichen sclerosus et atrophicus (previously termed 'balanitis xerotica obliterans').
  4. Uncontrolled bleeding disorder or patients with a platelet count less than 50,000, hemophilia or patients routinely receiving blood products for bleeding disorders.
  5. Any urological condition that would be likely to require additional urethral instrumentation during the period of investigation, including, but not limited to benign prostatic hyperplasia requiring treatment, use of alpha blockers, active prostate cancer, an unevaluated elevated prostate surface antigen (PSA), bladder cancer, or any recurrent urinary stone formation. Patients with evidence or diagnosis of any coagulation disorder (including concomitant anti-coagulation therapy at enrollment).
  6. Serum creatinine > 2.0 mg/dl or evidence of progressive renal disease.
  7. Patients with abnormal urologic conditions, including vesicoureteral reflux, bladder stones, bladder tumors and renal impairment.
  8. Subjects with an alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) value >3 times the upper limit of normal.
  9. Subjects with an albumin value <3.0 g/dL.
  10. . Subjects with uncontrolled diabetes, unstable cardiac and/or pulmonary disorders.
  11. . Subjects with active tuberculosis (TB) requiring treatment in the past 3 years. Subjects with a current positive (≥5 mm induration for high-risk subjects; otherwise ≥10 mm of induration) purified protein derivative (PPD) test are excluded unless they have completed a full course of treatment for latent TB and have a negative chest x-ray film at enrollment.
  12. . Subjects known to be colonized with either methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) or vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE), or gentamicin-resistant organisms.
  13. . Immunocompromised subjects or subjects receiving immunosuppressive agents (inhaled corticosteroids and chronic low-dose corticosteroids [≤0.25 mg/kg prednisone or equivalent per day] are permitted).
  14. . Any history of alcohol and/or drug abuse.
  15. . Current smoker.
  16. . Documented history of, or positive result of HIV, Hepatitis B or C, or any infectious disease. External signs, sequelae, or positive serology of sexually transmitted disease (including HPV). Patients with a history of systemic conditions, including but not limited to HIV, diabetes and chronic liver disease (including Hepatitis B or C), that the Investigator believes may jeopardize the safety of the patient to participate in the study.
  17. . Concurrent participation in any other clinical investigation during the period of this investigation. Patients who have been treated with any other investigational drug or participated in any investigational study within 30 days prior to enrollment in this study.
  18. . Any current illness that might confound the results of this investigation, including but not limited to bladder atonia, neuropathic/neurogenic bladder, bladder outlet obstruction (other than urethral stricture), sphincteric dysfunction, or spinal cord injury.
  19. . Any circumstance in which the investigator deems participation in the study is not in the subject's best interest.
  20. . Inability to participate in all necessary study activities due to physical or mental limitations.
  21. . Inability or unwillingness to return for all required follow-up visits.
  22. . Inability or unwillingness to sign informed consent.
  23. . Patients requiring concomitant use of or treatment with immunosuppressive agents.
  24. . Patients with neurological disorders (e.g., multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease).

Locations

  • University of California San Francisco
    San Francisco California 94110 United States
  • Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine (WFIRM)
    Winston-Salem North Carolina 27157 United States

Lead Scientist at UCSF

  • Ben Breyer, MD
    Professor, Urology, School of Medicine. Authored (or co-authored) 335 research publications

Details

Status
not yet accepting patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
Wake Forest University Health Sciences
ID
NCT03258658
Phase
Phase 1 research study
Study Type
Interventional
Participants
Expecting 10 study participants
Last Updated