for males ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
at San Francisco, California and other locations
study started
estimated completion



The primary objective of this study was to compare the two alternate primary endpoints of radiographic progression-free survival (rPFS) and OS in patients with progressive prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-positive mCRPC who received 177Lu-PSMA-617 in addition to best supportive/best standard of care (BSC/BSoC) versus patients treated with best supportive/best standard of care alone.

Official Title

VISION: An International, Prospective, Open Label, Multicenter, Randomized Phase 3 Study of 177Lu-PSMA-617 in the Treatment of Patients With Progressive PSMA-positive Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer (mCRPC)


Patients with PSMA positive scans were randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive either 177Lu-PSMA-617 plus best supportive/best standard of care or to receive best supportive/best standard of care only. Best supportive/best standard of care was determined by the treating physician/investigator but excluded investigational agents, cytotoxic chemotherapy, other systemic radioisotopes, and hemi-body radiotherapy. Novel androgen axis drugs [NAADs] (such as abiraterone or enzalutamide) were allowed. The study was open-label and patients were monitored throughout the 6 to 10-month treatment period for survival, disease progression, and adverse events. A long-term follow-up period included the collection of rPFS survival and information about new treatments, responses to new treatments, adverse events assessment, as well as blood for hematology and chemistry testing. During follow-up, patients were be contacted every 3 months (+/- 1 month) via phone, email, or letter for 24 months or until 508 deaths had occurred. An End of Treatment visit occurred once a patient discontinued the treatment part of the study for any reason (patient or investigator decision, going on to long term follow up, etc.). This visit occurred approximately 30 days from the last dose of 177Lu-PSMA-617 or the date of the best supportive/best standard of care end of treatment decision (whichever occurs later), but before the initiation of subsequent anti-cancer treatment, outside of what was allowed on study. The planned enrollment for this study was 814 patients. A dosimetry, PK and ECG sub-study was conducted in a non-randomized cohort (177Lu-PSMA-617 plus best supportive/best standard of care) of approximately 30 patients at sites in Germany to provide a more complete assessment of the safety aspects of 177Lu-PSMA-617. In order to not bias the results obtained from randomized patients in the main study, the data of the sub-study patients were analyzed descriptively and not considered in the primary and secondary analysis of the main study.


Prostate Cancer Metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer mCRPC 177Lu-PSMA-617 PSMA-617 PSMA-11 radioligand therapy Prostatic Neoplasms


You can join if…

Open to males ages 18 years and up

  1. Patients must have the ability to understand and sign an approved ICF.
  2. Patients must have the ability to understand and comply with all protocol requirements.
  3. Patients must be ≥18 years of age.
  4. Patients must have an ECOG performance status of 0 to 2.
  5. Patients must have a life expectancy >6 months.
  6. Patients must have histological, pathological, and/or cytological confirmation of prostate cancer.
  7. Patients must be 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT scan positive, and eligible as determined by the sponsor's central reader.
  8. Patients must have a castrate level of serum/plasma testosterone (<50 ng/dL or <1.7 nmol/L).
  9. Patients must have received at least one NAAD (such as enzalutamide and/or abiraterone).
  10. . Patients must have been previously treated with at least 1, but no more than 2 previous taxane regimens. A taxane regimen is defined as a minimum exposure of 2 cycles of a taxane. If a patient has received only 1 taxane regimen, the patient is eligible if: a. The patient's physician deems him unsuitable to receive a second taxane regimen (e.g. frailty assessed by geriatric or health status evaluation, intolerance, etc.).
  11. . Patients must have progressive mCRPC. Documented progressive mCRPC will be based on at least 1 of the following criteria:
  12. Serum/plasma PSA progression defined as 2 consecutive increases in PSA over a previous reference value measured at least 1 week prior. The minimal start value is 2.0 ng/mL.
  13. Soft-tissue progression defined as an increase ≥20% in the sum of the diameter (SOD) (short axis for nodal lesions and long axis for non-nodal lesions) of all target lesions based on the smallest SOD since treatment started or the appearance of one or more new lesions.
  14. Progression of bone disease: evaluable disease or new bone lesions(s) by bone scan (2+2 PCWG3 criteria, Scher et al 2016).
  15. . Patients must have ≥1 metastatic lesion that is present on baseline CT, MRI, or bone scan imaging obtained ≤28 days prior to beginning study therapy.
  16. . Patients must have recovered to ≤ Grade 2 from all clinically significant toxicities related to prior therapies (i.e. prior chemotherapy, radiation, immunotherapy, etc.).
  17. . Patients must have adequate organ function:
  18. Bone marrow reserve:
  19. White blood cell (WBC) count ≥2.5 x 109/L (2.5 x 109/L is equivalent to 2.5 x 103/μL and 2.5 x K/μL and 2.5 x 103/cumm and 2500/μL) OR absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1.5 x 109/L (1.5 x 109/L is equivalent to 1.5 x 103/μL and 1.5 x K/μL and 1.5 x 103/cumm and 1500/μL)

  20. Platelets ≥100 x 109/L (100 x 109/L is equivalent to 100 x 103/μL and 100 x K/μL and 100 x 103/cumm and 100,000/μL)

  21. Hemoglobin ≥9 g/dL (9 g/dL is equivalent to 90 g/L and 5.59 mmol/L) b. Hepatic:
  22. Total bilirubin ≤1.5 x the institutional upper limit of normal (ULN). For patients with known Gilbert's Syndrome ≤3 x ULN is permitted
  23. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤3.0 x ULN OR ≤5.0 x ULN for patients with liver metastases c. Renal:
  24. Serum/plasma creatinine ≤1.5 x ULN or creatinine clearance ≥50 mL/min
  25. . Albumin >3.0 g/dL (3.0 g/dL is equivalent to 30 g/L) [Inclusion #16 has been removed]
  26. . HIV-infected patients who are healthy and have a low risk of AIDS-related outcomes are included in this trial.
  27. . For patients who have partners of childbearing potential: Partner and/or patient must use a method of birth control with adequate barrier protection, deemed acceptable by the principle investigator during the study and for 6 months after last study drug administration.
  28. . The best standard of care/ best supportive care options planned for this patient:
  29. Are allowed by the protocol
  30. Have been agreed to by the treating investigator and patient
  31. Allow for the management of the patient without 177Lu-PSMA-617

You CAN'T join if...

  1. Previous treatment with any of the following within 6 months of randomization: Strontium-89, Samarium-153, Rhenium-186, Rhenium-188, Radium-223, hemi-body irradiation. Previous PSMA-targeted radioligand therapy is not allowed.
  2. Any systemic anti-cancer therapy (e.g. chemotherapy, immunotherapy or biological therapy [including monoclonal antibodies]) within 28 days prior to day of randomization.
  3. Any investigational agents within 28 days prior to day of randomization.
  4. Known hypersensitivity to the components of the study therapy or its analogs.
  5. Other concurrent cytotoxic chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radioligand therapy, or investigational therapy.
  6. Transfusion for the sole purpose of making a subject eligible for study inclusion.
  7. Patients with a history of CNS metastases must have received therapy (surgery, radiotherapy, gamma knife) and be neurologically stable, asymptomatic, and not receiving corticosteroids for the purposes of maintaining neurologic integrity. Patients with epidural disease, canal disease and prior cord involvement are eligible if those areas have been treated, are stable, and not neurologically impaired. For patients with parenchymal CNS metastasis (or a history of CNS metastasis), baseline and subsequent radiological imaging must include evaluation of the brain (MRI preferred or CT with contrast).
  8. A superscan as seen in the baseline bone scan.
  9. Symptomatic cord compression, or clinical or radiologic findings indicative of impending cord compression.
  10. . Concurrent serious (as determined by the Principal Investigator) medical conditions, including, but not limited to, New York Heart Association class III or IV congestive heart failure, history of congenital prolonged QT syndrome, uncontrolled infection, known active hepatitis B or C, or other significant co-morbid conditions that in the opinion of the investigator would impair study participation or cooperation.
  11. . Diagnosed with other malignancies that are expected to alter life expectancy or may interfere with disease assessment. However, patients with a prior history of malignancy that has been adequately treated and who have been disease free for more than 3 years are eligible, as are patients with adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer.


  • UCSF Medical Center at Mission Bay
    San Francisco California 94158 United States
  • Stanford University
    Palo Alto California 94304 United States


in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
Phase 3
Study Type
Last Updated