Summary

for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
healthy people welcome
study started
estimated completion:
John Sauceda

Description

Summary

This study will use a pilot sequential multiple assignment randomized trial (SMART) design to build an adaptive treatment strategy (ATS) for depression and engagement in HIV among Latinos living with HIV. The ATS is the sequencing of treatments, which are a behavioral activation therapy (BAT), a cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), and mobile health (mHealth) tool. The outcomes are to assess the feasibility of the SMART and ATS in the HIV care site and acceptability of the SMART and ATS to patients and clinic staff.

Official Title

An Adaptive Treatment Intervention for Depression and Engagement in HIV Care Among Latinos Living With HIV.

Details

This project proposes to use a SMART to build an adaptive treatment strategy (ATS) that has a mobile health (mHealth) tool (text-messaging) to improve adherence to the treatments for depression. The treatments being tested are a behavioral activation therapy (BAT) and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). The outcomes are feasibility of the SMART and ATS in the HIV care site and acceptability of the SMART and ATS to patients and clinic staff. To achieve the overall goal, there are two aims. Aim 1 uses qualitative research methods for the conduct of focus groups and individual interviews with HIV+ Latinos in both English and Spanish. The goal of Aim 1 is to tailor the intervention to the cultural and linguistic needs of Latinos and the organization needs of the HIV clinic study site, which informs Aim 2. Aim 1 is guided by the CDCs Map of Adaptation tailoring framework, which consist of three Action Steps. Action Step 1-3 are to better understand and document: 1) expressions for depression in Spanish and barriers to care, 2) language issues in detecting and reporting depressive symptoms, 3) cultural perspectives of how depression presents as a barrier to care, and 4) attitudes (i.e., cognitive and emotional evaluations) toward BAT and CBT, and text-message preference and confidentiality concerns to promote adherence to the intervention activities. Aim 2 is to build and test a pilot SMART for an ATS - a set of decision rules that uses detectable changes in patient health status to inform the next course of treatment. Successful completion of the proposed study will yield pilot data on the feasibility and acceptability of an ATS for depression integrated into HIV primary care at the University of California San Francisco - Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital.

Keywords

Depression HIV Latinos Sequential multiple assignment randomized trial designs (SMART) Mobile health (mHealth) Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) Depressive Disorder Augment w/mHealth Maintenance Switch to CBT & mHealth Augment w/BAT & mHealth Behavioral Activation Therapy Behavioral Activation Therapy & mHealth

Eligibility

You can join if…

Open to people ages 18 years and up

  • HIV positive
  • 18 years of age and older
  • Self identifies as Latino/Hispanic
  • Fluent in English or Spanish
  • Receives HIV care at study site clinic
  • Has a moderate depression severity score or higher (Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score >9; PHQ)
  • Agrees to discuss depression, treatment preferences, and mobile health
  • Owns a mobile phone that can send/receive short-message service (SMS) text messages
  • Agrees to participate in the intervention that lasts three months
  • Agrees to have medical and clinical data abstracted one year after baseline
  • Able and willing to consent to participate

You CAN'T join if...

  • Not HIV positive
  • Under 18 years of age
  • Does not self-identify as Latino/Hispanic
  • Not fluent in English or Spanish
  • Does not receive primary HIV care at the study site
  • Has a less than moderate depression severity score (Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score ≤9; PHQ)
  • Does not agree to discuss depression, treatment preferences, and mobile health
  • Does not owns a mobile phone that can send/receive short-message service (SMS) text messages
  • Does not agree to participate in the intervention that lasts three months
  • Does not agree to have medical and clinical data abstracted one year after baseline
  • Not able and willing to consent to participate

Details

Status
not yet accepting patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
University of California, San Francisco
ID
NCT03668379
Lead Scientist
John Sauceda
Study Type
Interventional
Last Updated