The purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness of two mobile health technologies (text messaging or a mobile app) designed to help people take HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) as directed by the clinic. PrEP is the use of a daily anti-HIV medications by HIV-negative people to help prevent HIV infection.
This is a clinic-based, multi-site, randomized, two-arm study to compare the effectiveness of two mobile technologies designed to support PrEP adherence and continuation in cisgender and transgender men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW). All study participants will receive PrEP per standard of care at each of the study sites.
Participants randomized to PrEPmate will receive an interactive bidirectional text-messaging intervention that supports PrEP use through personalized communication between patients and providers. Key components include (1) weekly short message service (SMS) check-ins and a bidirectional SMS messaging platform; (2) customized daily SMS pill-taking reminders; (3) link to online PrEP Basics and videos and testimonials.
Participants randomized to Dot Diary will receive a mobile app that promotes self-management of PrEP use and sexual health. Key components include (1) a digital pill-taking and sexual diary, with pill-taking reminders; (2) sex-positive badges earned via app use; and (3) real-time feedback on protection levels afforded by PrEP. Each participant will be followed for approximately 12 months. Staff at the participating clinics will also participate in in-depth interviews to give feedback on implementation challenges and experiences in the clinic-setting, and experience working with patients using the mobile technologies.