for people ages 18-70 (full criteria)
at San Francisco, California and other locations
study started
completion around



The primary objective is to determine if the addition of a 12-week course of treatment with VIB4920 to TNFi treatment will result in improved clinical disease control in patients with RA who have had an inadequate response to a TNFi.

Official Title

Combining a CD40L-Binding Protein (VIB4920) With a TNF-alpha Inhibitor for the Treatment of Inadequately Controlled Rheumatoid Arthritis (ITN092AI)


This study is a phase 2, multi-site, prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, three-arm [two arms double-blinded, one arm evaluator-blinded (participant is aware of his/her treatment status, but evaluator is not)] trial of VIB4920 in 104 adults with seropositive Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in the United States. Individuals will be eligible if they have moderate or high disease activity (Simplified Disease Activity Index [SDAI] ≥ 17) despite treatment with a TNFi, defined for this study as etanercept or adalimumab or their respective biosimilars, for at least 12 weeks.

Study participation is divided into two phases: the study drug administration period (from week 0 to week 12) and the post-administration observation period (from week 12 to week 40).

Participants will be randomized into one of the three study arms to assess safety and efficacy; VIB4920 plus TNFI (double-blinded); VIB4920 plus placebo (double-blinded); and continued TNFi treatment (evaluator-blinded).


Rheumatoid Arthritis, VIB4920, TNFi, Arthritis, VIB4920 with TNFi, VIB4920 without TNFi


You can join if…

Open to people ages 18-70

  1. Participant or legally authorized representative must be able to understand and provide informed consent
  2. Adult 18-75 years of age
  3. Diagnosed with RA by fulfilling the ACR/EULAR 2010 Classification Criteria for RA ≥ 6 months prior to screening (Appendix 9)
  4. Documented positive test for rheumatoid factor (RF) and/or anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody (ACPA)
  5. SDAI ≥ 17
  6. At least 4 tender and 4 swollen joints by a 44 joint count (Appendix 5)
  7. On one of the followingTNFi therapy regimens:
    1. Etanercept 50 mg SC (or its respective biosimilar) weekly for at least 12 weeks, with or without methotrexate
    2. Adalimumab 40 mg SC (or its respective biosimilar) every other week for at least 12 weeks, with or without methotrexate
    3. Adalimumab 40 mg SC weekly (or its respective biosimilar) for at least 12 weeks, without methotrexate
  8. Willing to continue or discontinue treatment with their current TNFi at the same dose depending upon study arm assignment
  9. If treated with leflunomide, sulfasalazine, or hydroxychloroquine, must be taking a stable dose for at least 12 weeks

    10. If treated with methotrexate, must be taking a stable dose for at least 12 weeks. The

    following exceptions are permitted within the 12 weeks prior to screening:

    1. Holding methotrexate after COVID-19 vaccination as per American College of

      Rheumatology guidance (

    2. Holding methotrexate for 1 or 2 weeks after influenza vaccination
      1. COVID-19 vaccination according to the current Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) vaccination recommendations for individuals who are moderately to severely immunocompromised, with the last COVID-19 vaccine dose administered at least 14 days prior to the initiation of the study drug (Visit 0)
        1. All participants who engage in sexual activity that could lead to pregnancy must agree to use abstinence or an FDA-approved contraception for the duration of the study to prevent pregnancy (Section 7.5)

You CAN'T join if...

  1. Inability or unwillingness to give written informed consent or comply with the study protocol
  2. Prior or ongoing systemic inflammatory or autoimmune disease (other than RA and secondary Sjögren's syndrome) requiring or potentially requiring other systemic immunomodulatory therapy during the 40-week study period
  3. Use of glucocorticoid and/or disease-modifying therapies as specified below:
    1. Prior treatment with any B cell depleting therapy (e.g., rituximab)
    2. History of treatment with more than two different TNFi, including the current treatment with etanercept, adalimumab, or their respective biosimilars. Treatment with a brand name TNFi (e.g., Enbrel or Humira) and its respective biosimilar would count as a single TNFi if treatment has been continuous and without interruption by more than 90 days when switching between the brand name and biosimilar TNFi.
    3. Treatment with other biologic therapy (i.e., not targeting TNF-α), including abatacept, tocilizumab, or sarilumab within the previous 12 weeks
    4. Treatment with a JAK inhibitor within the previous 12 weeks
    5. Concurrent use of methotrexate and leflunomide in combination
    6. Prednisone > 10 mg a day or equivalent glucocorticoid use within the previous 4 weeks
    7. Intramuscular, intra-articular, or intravenous glucocorticoids within the previous 4 weeks
    8. Other immunomodulatory medications within the previous 12 weeks except for methotrexate, leflunomide, sulfasalazine, or hydroxychloroquine
  4. Lack of any subjective or objective clinical response (i.e., complete non-responder) to current TNFi use, in the opinion of the study investigator based on information provided by the patient and referring rheumatologist
  5. Use of an investigational agent including VIB4920 in the past 30 days or 5 half-lives, whichever is longer
  6. History of a severe allergy, hypersensitivity reaction, or infusion reaction to any component of the VIB4920 formulation
  7. History of Felty's syndrome
  8. History of interstitial lung disease with FVC < 70% predicted, DLCO < 70% predicted, or requiring supplemental oxygen
  9. Deep venous thrombosis or thromboembolism including pulmonary embolism in the prior two years

    10. Infection:

    1. Evidence of current or prior infection with hepatitis B, as indicated by a positive test for the hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) or a positive test for the hepatitis B core antibody (HBcAb) b. Positive HCV serology unless treated with an anti-viral regimen resulting in a sustained virologic response (undetectable viral load 24 weeks after cessation of therapy) c. Evidence of HIV infection d. Evidence of active tuberculosis, untreated or incompletely treated latent tuberculosis, or recent close contact with a person who has active tuberculosis e. Positive QuantiFERON-TB Gold, QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus, or T-SPOT-TB test without history of previous treatment for active or latent TB f. Indeterminate QuantiFERON-TB Gold, QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus, or T-SPOT.TB test which remains indeterminate on repeat testing, and any of the following additional required screening which indicates an increased risk of TB infection: i. History of tuberculosis exposure ii. History of travel to an area where tuberculosis is endemic iii. Findings on chest radiograph suggestive of prior exposure to tuberculosis (e.g., granulomas or apical scarring) obtained at screening or within the past 3 months iv. Positive purified protein derivative (PPD) skin test for tuberculosis obtained in the past 3 months, either obtained at screening or within the past 3 months v. Prior history of a positive QuantiFERON-TB Gold, QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus, T-SPOT.TB, or purified protein derivative (PPD) test without history of previous treatment for latent TB g. Positive test for acute SARS-CoV-2 infection (e.g., PCR test for SARS-CoV-2 or alternative viral test according to CDC guidance) h. Symptoms of presumed or documented SARS-CoV-2 infection in the past 30 days i. More than one episode of herpes zoster in the past 12 months
    2. An opportunistic infection in the past 12 months k. Acute or chronic infection, including current use of suppressive systemic anti-microbial therapy for chronic or recurrent bacterial or fungal infection, hospitalization for treatment of infection in the past 60 days, or parenteral anti-microbial (including anti-bacterial, anti-viral, or anti-fungal agents) use in the past 60 days for infection l. History of bronchiectasis with recurrent pulmonary infections

      11. History of a primary immunodeficiency disorder 12. Vaccination with a live vaccine within the past 30 days 13. Women who are pregnant or breast-feeding 14. WBC count < 3.0 x 103/μl 15. Absolute neutrophil count < 1.5 x 103/μl 16. Hemoglobin < 9 g/dL 17. Platelet count < 100 x 103/μl 18. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≥ 2x the upper

      limit of normal (ULN)

      19. History of malignant neoplasm within the last 5 years, except for basal cell or

      squamous cell carcinoma of the skin treated with local resection only or carcinoma in situ of the uterine cervix treated locally

      20. Current, diagnosed mental illness or current, diagnosed or self-reported drug or

      alcohol abuse that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with the participant's ability to comply with study requirements

      21. Any new or uncontrolled condition occurring within the past 12 weeks which, in the

      judgment of the investigator, could interfere with participation in the trial (e.g., diabetes mellitus with HbA1c ≥ 9.0%, myocardial infarction, or stroke)

      22. Past or current medical problems or findings from physical examination or laboratory

      testing that are not listed above, which, in the opinion of the investigator, may pose additional risks from participation in the study, may interfere with the participant's ability to comply with study requirements, or that may impact the quality or interpretation of the data obtained from the study

      23. Inability to comply with study and follow-up procedures


  • UCSF School of Medicine: Lupus Clinic and Rheumatology Clinical Research Center
    San Francisco California 94110 United States
  • University of Colorado School of Medicine: Division of Rheumatology
    Aurora Colorado 80045 United States


in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Phase 2 research study
Study Type
Expecting 104 study participants
Last Updated