for people ages 8-45 (full criteria)
at San Francisco, California and other locations
study started
completion around
Principal Investigator
by Stephen Gitelman, M.D.
Headshot of Stephen Gitelman
Stephen Gitelman



This is a multicenter, Phase Ib, open-label, siplizumab dose-finding study in individuals aged 8-45 years with a Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) diagnosis. within 18 months of V0. Participants will be randomized 1:1:1:1 to one of four possible siplizumab dosing arms. All dosing arms will receive weekly siplizumab doses for a total of 12 weeks. After the completion of treatment, participants will undergo follow-up visits at weeks 12, 24, 36 and 52 which include longitudinal MMTTs. If indicated, participants will enter into long-term safety monitoring for up to an additional 48 weeks. Blood samples for mechanistic analyses will be obtained during the treatment phase and thereafter. Adults aged 18- 45 will be enrolled initially at the study sites.

The primary objective is to identify a safe, metabolically favorable, dosing regimen for siplizumab in patients with type 1 diabetes that induces changes in T cell phenotypes observed with alefacept therapy in new-onset T1DM.

The secondary objectives are to:

  1. Assess the safety profile of siplizumab in recently diagnosed T1DM.
  2. Assess the effects of siplizumab on residual beta cell function in recently diagnosed T1DM participants.

Official Title

A T Cell Phenotype Signature Driven Dose Finding Study With Siplizumab in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (ITN095AI)


Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, diabetic, Type 1 diabetes, T1DM, siplizumab, Diabetes Mellitus


You can join if…

Open to people ages 8-45

  1. Ability to provide informed consent (parental permission and informed assent of minor, if applicable).
  2. Male or female between 8 to 45 years of age.
  3. Diagnosis of T1DM within 18 months (550 days) of enrollment (V0).
  4. Positive for at least one diabetes-related autoantibody, including:
    1. Glutamate decarboxylase (GAD-65),
    2. Insulin, if obtained within 10 days of the onset of exogenous insulin therapy,
    3. Insulinoma antigen-2 (IA-2), or
    4. Zinc transporter-8 (ZnT8).
  5. Peak stimulated C-peptide level > 0.15 nmol/L following a MMTT conducted ≥ 21 days from diagnosis and within 37 days of enrollment (V0).
  6. Completion of a SARS-CoV-2 vaccination, according to current CDC recommendations and FDA approval(s) or emergency use authorization(s). If the participant requires administration of vaccine(s) to meet eligibility requirements, they must complete the vaccination series at least 2 weeks prior to enrollment (V0).

You CAN'T join if...

    1. Use of investigational drugs within 24 weeks of participation with the exception of any vaccine for the prevention of SARS-CoV-2 infection and emergency use authorization medications for treating SARS-CoV-2.
  1. Severe reaction or anaphylaxis to humanized monoclonal antibodies.
  2. Inability to complete a mixed meal tolerance test:
    1. History of significant allergy (e.g., anaphylaxis) to milk or soy proteins.
    2. Inability to disable hybrid closed loop system.
  3. History of recent (within 180 days of V0) or ongoing uncontrolled bacterial, viral, fungal or other opportunistic infections, including:
    1. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV),
    2. Current or prior infection with hepatitis B (HBV), as indicated by positive HBsAg or positive HBcAb,
    3. Current or prior hepatitis C (HCV), unless treated with anti-viral therapy with achievement of a sustained virologic response (undetectable viral load 12 weeks after cessation of therapy),
    4. Positive QuantiFERON-TB Gold or QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus tests. PPD or T-SPOT®.TB may be substituted for the QuantiFERON-TB Gold or QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus tests,
    5. Active infection with EBV as detected by PCR or serology at the screening visit (V-1),
    6. Active infection with cytomegalovirus (CMV) as detected by PCR or serology at the screening visit (V-1),
  4. Positive molecular testing of SARS-CoV-2 within 30 days of V-1.
  5. Any of the following laboratory abnormalities confirmed by repeat tests at least 1 week apart:
    1. White blood count (WBC) < 3 x 103/μL;,
    2. CD 3+ CD4+, T cell count below the lower limit of normal,
    3. Platelet count < 150,000 /μL,
    4. Hemoglobin < 10 g/dL,
    5. ALT ≥ 2x upper limit of normal (ULN) or
    6. AST ≥ 2x ULN
    7. Serum creatinine >1.5x ULN in adults or >ULN in pediatrics.
    8. Absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) below the LLN.
  6. Prior or current treatment that is known to alter the natural history of T1DM or immunologic status, including high dose inhaled, extensive topical or systemic glucocorticoids.
  7. Current or prior (within last 14 days of the V-1 MMTT) use of any medication known to influence glucose tolerance (e.g., atypical antipsychotics, diphenylhydantoin, thiazide, or other potassium-depleting diuretics, β-adrenergic blockers, niacin).
  8. Current or prior (within the last 30 days of the V-1 MMTT) use of non-insulin medications to treat insulin resistance or elevated glucose levels.

    10. Previous or current diagnosis of malignancy. 11. History of bone marrow transplantation, solid organ transplantation, or primary


    12. History or diagnoses of other autoimmune diseases with the exception of stable thyroid

    or celiac disease.

    13. History of significant cardiovascular disease. 14. Vaccination with a live attenuated vaccine (e.g., varicella, measles, mumps, rubella,

    cold-attenuated intranasal influenza vaccine, bacillus Calmette- Guérin, and smallpox) within 30 days of V0.

    15. Women of child-bearing potential who are unwilling to use a medically acceptable form

    of contraception from 14 days prior to V0 until study Week 52.

    16. Women who are pregnant, lactating, or planning on pregnancy during the study. 17. Current, diagnosed mental illness (e.g., severe depression), current diagnosed or

    self-reported drug, or alcohol abuse that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with the participant's ability to comply with study requirements.

    18. Past or current medical problems or findings from physical examination or laboratory

    testing that are not listed above, which, in the opinion of the investigator, may pose additional risks from participation in the study, may interfere with the participant's ability to comply with study requirements or that may impact the quality or interpretation of the data obtained from the study.


  • UCSF School of Medicine: UCSF Diabetes Clinic
    San Francisco California 94143 United States
  • Stanford School of Medicine: Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes
    Stanford California 94305 United States

Lead Scientist at UCSF

  • Stephen Gitelman, M.D.
    Dr. Gitelman is a physician scientist involved in studies to determine what causes type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), and in clinical trials to prevent disease development, or preserve beta cell function in those recently diagnosed. To this end, he has been an active investigator in the NIH-sponsored TrialNet and Immune Tolerance Network consortia, and other immunotherapy trials in T1DM.


in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Phase 1/2 research study
Study Type
Expecting 120 study participants
Last Updated