Summary

Eligibility
for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
Location
at San Francisco, California and other locations
Dates
study started
estimated completion
Principal Investigator
by Emily K. Bergsland
Headshot of Emily K. Bergsland
Emily K. Bergsland

Description

Summary

This phase II trial studies the effect of lutetium Lu 177 dotatate compared to the usual treatment (everolimus) in treating patients with somatostatin receptor positive bronchial neuroendocrine tumors that have spread to other places in the body (advanced). Radioactive drugs, such as lutetium Lu 177 dotatate, may carry radiation directly to tumor cells and may reduce harm to normal cells. Lutetium Lu 177 dotatate may be more effective than everolimus in shrinking or stabilizing advanced bronchial neuroendocrine tumors.

Official Title

Randomized Phase II Trial of Lutetium Lu 177 Dotatate Versus Everolimus in Somatostatin Receptor Positive Bronchial Neuroendocrine Tumors

Details

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: I. To compare progression-free survival (PFS) of receiving lutetium Lu 177 dotatate to that of receiving everolimus in patients with bronchial neuroendocrine tumor (NET). SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To compare the overall survival (OS) of receiving lutetium Lu 177 dotatate versus everolimus in patients with bronchial NET. II. To compare the overall response rate (ORR) associated with lutetium Lu 177 dotatate versus everolimus in patients with bronchial NET. III. To evaluate and compare the toxicity profile of lutetium Lu 177 dotatate and everolimus. EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES: I. To study late toxicities of lutetium Lu 177 dotatate therapy including renal dysfunction, myelodysplastic syndrome, and acute leukemia. II. To study the impact of pretreatment disease burden, somatostatin receptor status on lutetium Lu 177 dotatate (DOTATATE) positron emission tomography (PET) (or other somatostatin receptor [SSTR]-PET), and measured dosimetry of response. III. To evaluate the response rate (RR) and other efficacy parameters in typical and atypical carcinoid based on central retrospective pathology review. OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms. ARM I: Patients receive lutetium Lu 177 dotatate intravenously (IV) over 30-40 minutes on day 1 of each cycle. Treatment repeats every 56 days for 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. ARM II: Patients receive everolimus orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-28 of each cycle. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with disease progression may be able to cross-over to Arm I. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months until disease progression and then every 6 months for up to 5 years following study registration.

Keywords

Advanced Lung Carcinoid Tumor, Functioning Lung Carcinoid Tumor, Locally Advanced Lung Neuroendocrine Neoplasm, Lung Atypical Carcinoid Tumor, Lung Neuroendocrine Neoplasm, Lung Typical Carcinoid Tumor, Metastatic Lung Carcinoid Tumor, Metastatic Lung Neuroendocrine Neoplasm, Non-Functioning Lung Carcinoid Tumor, Recurrent Lung Neuroendocrine Neoplasm, Unresectable Lung Carcinoid Tumor, Unresectable Lung Neuroendocrine Neoplasm, Neoplasms, Neuroendocrine Tumors, Carcinoid Tumor, Everolimus, Lutetium Lu 177 dotatate

Eligibility

For people ages 18 years and up

Inclusion Criteria:

  • PRE-REGISTRATION: Pathologic Documentation: Well- or moderately-differentiated neuroendocrine tumor(s) of bronchial origin (i.e. carcinoid) as assessed by local pathology
  • The pathology report must state ONE of the following:
  • Well- or moderately-differentiated neuroendocrine tumor,
  • Low- or intermediate-grade neuroendocrine tumor, or
  • Carcinoid tumor (including typical or atypical carcinoid tumors)
  • PRE-REGISTRATION: Documentation of histology from a primary or metastatic site is allowed
  • PRE-REGISTRATION: Functional (evidence of peptide hormones and/or bioactive substances associated with a clinical hormone syndrome such as carcinoid syndrome or Cushing's syndrome) or nonfunctional tumors are allowed
  • PRE-REGISTRATION: Patients with poorly-differentiated or high-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma (i.e. large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of lung, small cell lung cancer) or mixed tumors (i.e. adenocarcinoid tumor) are not eligible
  • PRE-REGISTRATION: Recurrent or locally-advanced/unresectable or metastatic disease
  • PRE-REGISTRATION: Neuroendocrine tumor of bronchial (i.e. lung) primary site
  • PRE-REGISTRATION: Lesions must have shown radiological evidence of disease progression in the 12 months prior to pre-registration
  • Tumor must have shown somatostatin receptor (SSTR) positivity on 68Ga-DOTATATE PET or other SSTR-PET scan in the 12 months prior to pre-registration; however, documentation of SSTR positivity in the 6 months prior to pre-registration is preferred. SSTR positivity is defined as uptake greater than background liver in all measurable lesions
  • PRE-REGISTRATION: Patients must have measurable disease per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version (v)1.1 by computer tomography (CT) scan or magnetic imaging (MRI). Any lesions which have undergone percutaneous therapies or radiotherapy should not be considered measurable unless the lesion has clearly progressed since the procedure
  • PRE-REGISTRATION: Lesions must be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as >= 1 cm with CT or MRI (or >= 1.5 cm for lymph nodes). Non-measurable disease includes disease smaller than these dimensions or lesions considered truly non-measurable including: leptomeningeal disease, bone metastases, ascites, pleural or pericardial effusion, lymphangitic involvement of skin or lung
  • REGISTRATION: Confirmation of SSTR positivity by Alliance Imaging Core Lab (ICL) at Imaging and Radiation Oncology Core (IROC) Ohio central radiographic review
  • REGISTRATION: Patients with treatment-naive or previously-treated disease are allowed. Patients with previously-treated disease must have demonstrated radiographic disease progression on the prior therapy
  • REGISTRATION: No prior treatment with peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) (e.g. lutetium Lu 177 dotatate)
  • REGISTRATION: No prior treatment with mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors (e.g. deforolimus, everolimus, sirolimus, temsirolimus, etc.)
  • REGISTRATION: Prior treatment with hepatic artery embolization (including bland embolization, chemoembolization, and selective radioembolization) or ablative therapies (i.e. cryoablation, radiofrequency ablation, etc.) is allowed if measurable disease remains outside of the treated area or if there is documented disease progression in a treated site. Prior liver-directed or other ablative treatment must be completed at least 28 days prior to registration
  • REGISTRATION: Prior treatment with 90-Yttrium radioembolization must be completed at least 3 months prior to registration
  • REGISTRATION: Radiation therapy to the lung and/or mediastinum must be completed at least 14 days prior to registration for stereotactic ablative and at least 28 days prior to registration for conventional fractionation
  • REGISTRATION: Prior treatment with systemic anticancer therapy must be completed at least 28 days prior to registration (except for somatostatin analogs in patients with functional tumors). Continuation of treatment with somatostatin analogs while on protocol therapy is allowed provided that the patient:
  • Has functional tumors (evidence of peptide hormones and/or bioactive substances associated with a clinical hormone syndrome such as carcinoid syndrome or Cushing's syndrome), and
  • Has previously demonstrated radiographic disease progression while on somatostatin analog therapy
  • REGISTRATION: Patients must have completed any major surgery at least 28 days prior to registration. Complete wound healing from major surgery should occur prior to registration
  • REGISTRATION: Patients should have improvement of any toxic effects of prior therapy (except alopecia, fatigue, and other non-reversible toxic effects such as neuropathy from cisplatin) to National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), version 5.0, grade 1 or less
  • REGISTRATION: Not pregnant and not nursing, because this study involves:
  • An investigational agent whose genotoxic, mutagenic, and teratogenic effects on the developing fetus and newborn are unknown, and
  • An agent that has known genotoxic, mutagenic, and teratogenic effects
  • Therefore, for women of childbearing potential only, a negative pregnancy test done =< 14 days prior to registration is required
  • REGISTRATION: Age >= 18 years
  • REGISTRATION: Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2
  • REGISTRATION: Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL
  • REGISTRATION: Platelet count >= 75,000/mm3

  • REGISTRATION: Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mm3

  • REGISTRATION: Creatinine =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) OR calculated creatinine clearance >= 40 mL/min
  • Calculated by the Cockcroft-Gault equation
  • REGISTRATION: Total bilirubin =< 2.0 x ULN
  • In patients with Gilbert's syndrome, if total bilirubin is > 2.0 x ULN, then direct bilirubin must be =< 2.0 x ULN
  • REGISTRATION: Albumin >= 2.8 g/dL
  • REGISTRATION: Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 3.0 x ULN
  • REGISTRATION: No known central nervous system metastases unless treated and clinically stable for at least 14 days prior to registration. Patients on steroid support must be clinically stable on weaning doses of steroids
  • REGISTRATION: No other currently active malignancy that requires therapy or is expected to require therapy during the study (excluding non-melanoma skin cancers or in situ carcinomas, such as breast or cervical)
  • REGISTRATION: No known active hepatitis B (defined as hepatitis B surface antigen [HbsAg] reactive) or known active hepatitis C virus (defined as hepatitis C virus [HCV] ribonucleic acid [RNA] viral load detected). The exception is for patients with known active hepatitis B virus (defined as HbsAg reactive) infection, where the HBV viral load must be undetectable on suppressive therapy for patient to be eligible
  • REGISTRATION: Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months of registration are eligible for this trial
  • REGISTRATION: No known active or uncontrolled infections requiring ongoing antifungals or antibiotics in the 3 days prior to registration
  • REGISTRATION: No receipt of live attenuated vaccines in the 7 days prior to registration
  • REGISTRATION: No known liver cirrhosis
  • REGISTRATION: No known prior drug-induced pneumonitis that was symptomatic or required treatment
  • REGISTRATION: No known medical condition causing an inability to swallow and no known impairment of gastrointestinal function that may significantly alter the absorption of an oral agent
  • REGISTRATION: No known hypersensitivity to everolimus or other rapamycin analogs (e.g. sirolimus, temsirolimus, etc.)
  • REGISTRATION: Concurrent somatostatin analog use while on protocol therapy is allowed provided that the patient: 1) has a functional tumor (evidence of peptide hormones and/or bioactive substances associated with a clinical hormone syndrome such as carcinoid syndrome or Cushing's syndrome), 2) has previously demonstrated radiographic disease progression while on somatostatin analog therapy
  • REGISTRATION: Chronic concomitant treatment with P-gp and strong CYP3A4 inhibitors and/or inducers is not allowed on the everolimus treatment arm of this study. Given that the study is randomized, all patients on P-gp and strong CYP3A4 inhibitors and/or inducers must discontinue the drug(s) 7 days prior to registration
  • RE-REGISTRATION: Confirmation of disease progression by RECIST v1.1 by real-time Alliance ICL at IROC Ohio central radiographic review
  • RE-REGISTRATION: Not pregnant and not nursing
  • Therefore, for women of childbearing potential only, a negative pregnancy test done =< 14 days prior to re-registration is required
  • RE-REGISTRATION: ECOG performance status 0-2
  • RE-REGISTRATION: Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL
  • RE-REGISTRATION: Platelet count >= 75,000/mm3

  • RE-REGISTRATION: Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mm3

  • RE-REGISTRATION: Creatinine =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) OR calculated creatinine clearance >= 40 mL/min
  • Calculated by the Cockcroft-Gault equation
  • RE-REGISTRATION: Total bilirubin =< 2.0 x ULN
  • In patients with Gilbert's syndrome, if total bilirubin is > 2.0 x ULN, then direct bilirubin must be =< 2.0 x ULN
  • RE-REGISTRATION: Albumin >= 2.8 g/dL
  • RE-REGISTRATION: AST/ALT =< 3.0 x ULN

Locations

  • UCSF Medical Center-Mission Bay accepting new patients
    San Francisco California 94158 United States
  • Cedars Sinai Medical Center accepting new patients
    Los Angeles California 90048 United States
  • Tower Cancer Research Foundation accepting new patients
    Beverly Hills California 90211 United States

Lead Scientist at UCSF

  • Emily K. Bergsland
    Emily Bergsland, MD is a medical oncologist at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center who specializes in gastrointestinal malignancies. She is a Professor of Medicine, Director of the UCSF Center for Neuroendocrine Tumors, and serves as Associate Director for Education for the UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center.

Details

Status
accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ID
NCT04665739
Phase
Phase 2 research study
Study Type
Interventional
Participants
Expecting 108 study participants
Last Updated